Observations from Rwanda: July 28, 2019

These 14 photographs range from April to July 2019. As in previous posts, the first photograph is of Lake Kilimbi, adjacent to the campus of the Rwanda Institute for Conservation Agriculture (RICA).

Richard Ferguson

Lake Kilimbi, from the Extension road entrance to the RICA campus. Crews are watering recently established landscaping plants on road embankments. July 18, 2019.
First Year Farm house on the RICA campus, April 5, 2019. There are four First Year Farms on campus, each housing 21 students during their first year. The structure in front of the house is a partially completed barn for housing livestock, supplies and equipment.
Faculty housing, studio apartments, RICA campus, June 15, 2019. Teresa and Ben Ferguson in photo.
Crew watering landscaping plants on roadside embankments, RICA campus, July 18, 2019.
Elephant, Akagera National Park, March 2, 2019. After three separate charges at the truck, he finally wandered off the road and let us pass.
Hippo, Akagera National Park, March 2, 2019.
Malachite Kingfisher, Akagera National Park, June 16, 2019.
African Buffalo, Akagera National Park, June 16, 2019.
Surveying recently planted soybean, Nasho Irrigation Project, July 26, 2019. Dr. Magnifique Nzaramba on left, Dr. Kofi Boa on right. Soybeans are hand-planted in rows, watered with a center pivot irrigation system. There are 34 farmer’s fields under this pivot. This farmer has also hand weeded in the last two days.
Termite mound in soybean field, Nasho Irrigation Project, July 26, 2019. Termites can rapidly break down crop residues, and weaken stalks of mature plants prior to harvest.
Observing nodule formation on soybean roots following inoculation of a field area with Rhizobia bacteria, Nasho Irrigation Project, July 26, 2019. Soybean is commonly produced without inoculation, substantially limiting production. Dr. Magnifique Nzaramba, RICA Deputy Vice Chancellor for Extension and Applied Research on left, and Dr. Kofi Boa, Executive Director of the Centre for No-Till Agriculture, Ghana on right, with a Nasho model farmer, center.
Harvesting, threshing, and cleaning soybean by hand, Nasho Irrigation Project, July 26, 2019.
Soybean threshing, Nasho Irrigation Project, July 26, 2019. Soybean plants are removed from the field, stacked on a tarp, then beaten with a stick to knock beans out of the pods.
Soybean winnowing by hand, Nasho Irrigation Project, July 26, 2019. After separation of chaff from soybeans, they are cleaned by hand before being placed into 120 kg bags for transport from the field.

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